Final Animation Script


Video fades out The war in Syria has been going on for seven years now.
The different groups involved With so many factions involved in the fighting, few people grasp the complexity of the situation
News agencies and social media pops up and how we’re informed, so, through news agencies, short daily updates and even social media, it makes it hard to get an overview of what is really going on.
Animation of the foreign backers involved In this short report, we will try to explain how the conflict started, and exactly who or what is involved.
Animation of statistics showing we’re going to give an overview of Syria’s population To truly understand the situation, it’s important to get an overview of Syria and how it is what it is today.  
Animation of Britain and france redrawing the lines of the middle east After the first world War, France and Britain redrew the lines of the middle east. Syria was controlled by France,
Showing the different religions and ethnicities and it combined many different ethnic and religious groups into one country.
Animation of the statistic In today’s Syria arabs make up 90.3% of the population. Kurds, Armenians, and others make up 9.7% of the population.
Animation of statistics Around 74% of the muslim population are Sunni, 10% are christians, 5% are Shia, 3% are Druze and 8% are Alawites.
Alawite circle enlarges and a picture of bashar al assad comes up The current government is ruled by an alawite family under president Bashar Al-Assad.
Animation of protests Some people believe that the reason Syrians started protesting, is because they wanted someone who represents the majority of the population, which is Sunnis.
Animation of the statistics of the 2014 elections However, if you look at the 2014 elections, you’ll see that the majority of the Syrian population voted for President Assad. From a 73.42% turnout, 88.7% voted for Assad whilst his two challengers only got 4.3% (Hassan al-Nouri ) and 3.2% (Maher Hajjar). Which makes you question, who are the rebels?
These four groups will come up in the middle of the screen The main 4 groups that are fighting each other are the Syrian Government, The Opposition group known as the rebels, the so called Islamic State (ISIS or ISIL), and Syrian kurdish groups.
The Syrian government and rebels are on the screen showing they’re in combat. The Syrian Government is in direct combat with the rebels. The rebels are made up of several groups and they want to overthrow Assad.
Animation of a calender going from 2017 to 2011. But how did all of this happen? To understand all of this, it helps to go back to the beginning of the war and watch how it unfolded.
Animation showing the countries and the definition of the arab spring Inspired by Similar movements in Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen and Libya (The Arab Spring)
Video of the protests People in Deraa went on the streets to protest against the Assad regime,
Video of the army opening fire on protesters and on the 18th of March 2011 – The Army opened fire on protesters, killing four people. (video)
Pictures of the protesters fighting back In June, some of the protesters started to shoot back.
Animation of the syrian government and their claims. Then animation of people leaving the government and joining the rebels. The syrian government claims that a 120 soldiers have been killed by Armed protesters. Now, during this time, some Syrian troops defect from Assad’s army to join the rebels,
Animation of the Free Syrian army forming. and on July 29th 2011, The Free Syrian Army was formed and the uprising becomes a civil war.
Animation of extremists travelling to syria. Extremist from Syria and others from many different regions start travelling to Syria to join the rebels. (2012)
Animation of the groups forming In January 2012, al-qaeda forms a new branch in Syria called ‘Jabhat Al-Nusra’.
Animation of a map showing the kurdish groups leaving assad’s rule Also around this time, Syrian Kurdish groups, who’ve wanted autonomy, leave Assad’s rule in the north.
Definition of Proxy war pops. This is when Syria starts becoming a proxy war.
Global countries involved come up One of the reasons this conflict has become so complicated is because global interests are at stake.
Animation of iran joining Assad. Iran, which is one of Assad’s most important allies, intervenes on his behalf, and by the end of 2012, Iran has hundreds of officers on the ground.
Animation of the country sending money and weapons Also during this time, the oil rich arab states begin to send money and weapons to the rebels, mainly through turkey.
Showing the division between the countries. Now by 2013, the middle east is divided between Shia powers on one side supporting Assad, and sunnis on the other side supporting the rebels.
The number of refugees registered with the UN pops up. In march 2013, the number of UNregistered syrian refugees tops 1 million.
Animation of the chemical weapons used and pictures, In August, chemical weapons were used in an attack in Damascus that killed about 300 people.
Video of the statement comes up. In september, Obama issues a statement saying…
Animation of the US providing arms to the rebels. Just weeks later, the first american training and arms reach the syrian rebels.
Animation of Syria destroying its chemical weapons In October 2013, Syria destroys its chemical weapons production equipment.
The number of refugees registered with the UN pops up. At this time the number of Syrian refugees registered with the UN tops 2 million.
The logo of the islamic front comes up with the names of the seven groups around it. On the 22nd november 2013, The Islamic Front, a Sunni Islamist group involved in the Syrian Civil War was formed by merging seven separate groups.
Animation of the US and UK leaving the rebels (to show they’re not supporting them anymore by aiding them) In December 2013 – the US and Britain suspend “non-lethal” support for rebels in northern Syria after reports that Islamist rebels seized bases of Western-backed Free Syrian Army.
Animation of the rebels dividing. In early 2014, Infighting amongst rebels spread, pitting a variety of Islamists groups and moderate factions against an al-Qaida-breakaway.
Animation of the Al-Qaida group becoming ISIS. And in february, this al-Qaida breakaway becomes known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Animation showing who they fight. They don’t just fight Assad, but they also fight the other rebels and the kurds.
Animation (of a map) showing the kurds defeating ISIS in Kobane. In January 2015 – Kurdish forces push the Islamic State out of Kobane on the Turkish border after four months of fighting.
Animation of Russia carrying its first airstrikes to syria, and then video playing of a airstrike hitting a house. In September 2015 – Russia, who is also an important allie, carries out its first airstrikes in Syria, saying they target the Islamic State group, but the West and Syrian opposition say it overwhelmingly targets anti-Assad rebels.
Animation of the US and UK, and then video of the Paris attacks. In December, Britain joins US-led bombing raids against the islamic state, in wake of the paris suicide bombing attacks.
Video from the UN of the US and Russia negotiating. In february 2016, a US-Russian negotiated partial ceasefire is agreed, but fails to stick.
Video showing people in Syria celebrating. December 2016 – After being under rebel control for nearly 4 years, Government troops, backed by Russian and Iran, recapture Aleppo.
Animation of Russia, Iran and Turkey. And in January 2017 – Russia, Iran and Turkey agree to enforce a ceasefire between the government and non-Islamist rebels.
Animation of all the countries and groups involved in the conflict. As it stands now, there are lot’s of different groups and countries involved.
Rebels and ISIS go in the middle screen showing the countries can’t decide who the enemy is. And even among allies, there a big disagreements about who the enemy is, who to support and how to do it. And those contradictions, are a big reason why this war is so complicated, but we do know this.
Animation of the statistics coming up. This war has turned Syria into the biggest humanitarian crisis of our time. It has led to over 4.8 million people flee their country, has displaced 6.6 million people inside Syria and since the war started, roughly half a million people have been killed.
Animation of Jordan and Lebanon coming up. This war affects the entire world, not just people from Syria. Countries like Jordan and Lebanon have taken in almost 3 million refugees.
Animation of the UK coming next to Jordan, showing how many refugees we’re taking in compared to other countries. The UK, which has 78 times the GDP of Jordan, has only said it will allow 20,000 syrians across its borders over the next 5 years, the US has agreed to accept 10,000 and australia 12,000.
The flags of all these countries coming up showing they’re not taking in any refugees. The Arab states (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the united Arab emirates) have kept their doors to refugees, firmly shut. (Sound of cell door shutting in the background)
All the countries are stacked up and going one by one Things seem to be slowly getting better, but not fast enough, and right now, for this war, there seems to be no end in sight…



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